Identifying and evaluating environmental determinants of health in Hashtpar city, Iran

Int J Environ Health Res. 2024 Jan;34(1):398-407. doi: 10.1080/09603123.2022.2150151. Epub 2022 Nov 24.


This paper aimed to identify and evaluate the environmental factors that influence human health in Hashtpar. The town locates in the coastal plain of northern Iran and has an area of 1378 ha and a population of about 53,000 people. Fourteen indicators were included in the dataset and the data was collected in 34 data collection points through the evaluation of at least 5 experienced people or by calculations using Geographical Information System (GIS) and related shape files. First, it is used a descriptive and qualitative method and statistical parameters to analyze each determinant of health, regardless of its spatial differences, then the data entered into GIS to produce zoning maps using the Kriging interpolation tool. Findings show that generally, healthy environment indicators are higher than average level and the indicators are in better condition in central parts of the town than in its outskirts.

Keywords: Health; Iran; environmental threat; pollution; spatial distribution.

MeSH terms

  • Cities
  • Environment*
  • Environmental Monitoring / methods
  • Geographic Information Systems*
  • Humans
  • Iran / epidemiology
  • Spatial Analysis