A Review on Umbilical Cord Milking and Its Implications in Neonatal Health

Cureus. 2022 Oct 23;14(10):e30610. doi: 10.7759/cureus.30610. eCollection 2022 Oct.

Abstract

In India, there is an extreme lack of advancement in techniques concerning the care of infants during labor and post-pregnancy, i.e., the postnatal period. India projected an Infant Mortality Rate of 28.771 deaths per 1000 live births for the year 2021. Such a high death rate in infants arises a dire need to discover and launch new techniques and increase the application of the existing lesser-known techniques. One less well-known technique is the milking of the infant's umbilical cord. Transfusion of placental blood has recently been considered definitive in the care of newborns with the boon to the infant of declined death rate in preterm neonates and the enhanced consequences of growth in term infants. The chief goal of this descriptive review article is to examine all the studies relating to umbilical cord milking (UCM) in late-preterm and term infants and to evaluate every achievable outcome and restriction of a given process in clinical application, mainly when compared to rapid and late umbilical cord clamping. Application of milking of the umbilical cord can be seen to improve the health of hypoxic neonates, weight parameters, blood volume, hematocrit, hemoglobin, iron levels in the blood, red blood cell count, blood pressure, right ventricular output, left ventricular functions, cerebral oxygenation, urine output regulation, cognitive abilities, antioxidant levels, better outcomes in the resuscitation of infant and above all helps in lowering Infant Mortality Rates.

Keywords: early cord clamping; infant; infant mortality rate; late cord clamping; umbilical cord milking.

Publication types

  • Review