Does global warming increase the risk of liver cancer in Australia? Perspectives based on spatial variability

Sci Total Environ. 2023 Feb 10;859(Pt 2):160412. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.160412. Epub 2022 Nov 24.


Australia has experienced an astonishing increase in liver cancer over the past few decades and the epidemiological reasons behind this are puzzling. The existing recognized risk factors for liver cancer, viral hepatitis, and alcohol consumption, are inconsistent with the trend in liver cancer. Behind the effects of migration and metabolic disease lies a potential contribution of climate change to an increase in liver cancer. This study explored the climate-associated distribution of high-risk areas for liver cancer by comparing liver cancer to lung cancer and finds that the incidence of liver cancer is more pronounced in hot and humid areas. This study showed the risk of liver cancer was higher in the equatorial region and tropical regions. These results will extend the study on the health consequences of climate change and provide more ideas and directions for future researchers.

Keywords: Climate change; Global warming; Liver cancer; Spatial variability.

MeSH terms

  • Australia / epidemiology
  • Climate Change
  • Global Warming
  • Humans
  • Liver Neoplasms* / epidemiology
  • Models, Theoretical*