Effect of White Kidney Bean Flour on the Rheological Properties and Starch Digestion Characteristics of Noodle Dough

Foods. 2022 Nov 17;11(22):3680. doi: 10.3390/foods11223680.


The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of adding white kidney bean flour on the quality of noodles. We selected four different proportions of white kidney bean flour (10−40%) in wheat flour to make the noodles, after which the noodles were analysed for their physical and chemical properties. The statistical method of correlation analysis was used in this study. The results showed that the noodles’ sensory and textural characteristics significantly improved after adding white kidney bean flour (p < 0.05). Compared with the control, the noodles’ surface with white kidney bean flour was denser and smoother. Moreover, microstructural observations indicated that the noodles with white kidney bean flour showed a more continuous protein network. The in vitro digestion results showed that the addition of white kidney bean flour reduced the digestibility of the noodles. Low addition of the flour (10−20%) improved the quality of the noodles, whereas high amounts (30−40%) showed the opposite effect. In this study, the optimal amount of white kidney bean powder was found to be 20%.

Keywords: digestive property; dough microstructure; noodle; rheological property; white kidney bean flour.