Perceived Consequences of Post-COVID-19 and Factors Associated with Low Life Satisfaction

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Nov 19;19(22):15309. doi: 10.3390/ijerph192215309.


A significant number of individuals experience post-COVID-19 symptoms, but knowledge of perceived consequences and life satisfaction is lacking. Here, we investigate perceived consequences regarding everyday life, health, physical activity and work post-COVID-19 and factors associated with low life satisfaction. A total of 766 people (mean age 48; 672 women) experiencing post-COVID-19 symptoms at least two months after infection (mean 13 months) responded to an online survey. A majority (≥77%) perceived physical fatigue, mental fatigue, dizziness, reduced work ability, low life satisfaction and a reduced level of aerobic capacity. In the final logistic regression model (Nagelkerke R Square 0.296, p < 0.001), poor work ability was the most important factor for perceiving low satisfaction with life (Odds ratio 3.369, 95% CI 2.040-5.565, p < 0.001, Nagelkerke R Square 0.177). Reduced aerobic capacity, fatigue and living in a city also increased the odds of low life satisfaction. As people with post-COVID-19 report several long-term consequences, this suggests that there is a need for targeted care for this group. The results of this study can serve as guidance for healthcare authorities regarding important long-term consequences that should be considered in rehabilitation programs directed toward post-COVID-19.

Keywords: COVID-19; activities of daily living; health; life satisfaction; physical activity; post-COVID-19 condition; work.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • COVID-19* / epidemiology
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Middle Aged
  • Personal Satisfaction*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

Grants and funding

The research was supported by the Faculty of Medicine at Lund University, Lund, Sweden.