Rhodophyta as Potential Sources of Photoprotectants, Antiphotoaging Compounds, and Hydrogels for Cosmeceutical Application

Molecules. 2022 Nov 12;27(22):7788. doi: 10.3390/molecules27227788.


Seaweeds are macroscopic, multicellular, eukaryotic and photosynthetic organisms, and are a source of chemical diversity with powerful biological activities for diversified industrial applications including cosmeceuticals. Red seaweeds (Rhodophyta) are good sources of Mycosporine-like amino acids (MAA) for photoprotectant and antiphotoaging compounds. In addition, Rhodophyta are also good sources for hydrogel compounds that are used widely in the food, pharmaceutical and cosmeceutical industries as gelling agents, moisturizers or for their antiphotoaging effects. Our survey and ongoing studies revealed that the biodiversity of Indonesian Rhodophyta is rich and is a treasure trove for cosmeceutical agents including MAA and hydrogels. This study delivers valuable information for identifying potential red seaweeds in screening and searching for cosmeceutical agents.

Keywords: hydrogel; mycosporine like amino acid; photoprotective; red seaweed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acids
  • Cosmeceuticals* / chemistry
  • Cosmeceuticals* / pharmacology
  • Hydrogels
  • Rhodophyta*
  • Seaweed* / chemistry


  • Cosmeceuticals
  • Hydrogels
  • Amino Acids