The utilization of industrial hemp in food is gaining popularity. This study aimed to comprehensively investigate the impact of alkaline extraction-isoelectric precipitation (AE-IEP) and salt extraction (SE) dialysis on structural, functional properties and the volatile profile of hemp protein isolate (HPI). A higher protein content (97.21%) in SE extracted HPI (SE-HPI) was obtained than the AE-IEP extracted HPI (93.37%). In particular, protein subunit composition, structural properties were strongly influenced by the extraction methods. For example, SE-HPI exhibited a larger percentage of albumin (46.53%) and a lower amount of β-sheet (52.65%) than its counterpart (albumin 20.92%, β-sheet 54.46%). Consequently, SE-HPI showed the higher solubility, emulsion activity, and thermal stability. Interestingly, the volatile profile of the proteins showed that SE-HPI exhibited a lower number (21) of volatile compounds when compared to its counterpart (25). This study highlights the importance of establishing the relationships between extraction methods and functional attributes of HPI.
Keywords: Alkaline extraction–isoelectric precipitation; Functionality; Hemp protein isolate; Protein composition; Salt extraction; Volatile profile.
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