Objectives: Efforts to monitor and combat antimicrobial resistance (AMR) are typically focused on the hospital-based laboratory setting. The aim of this study was to longitudinally examine and compare trends in AMR among urine Escherichia coli isolates from a private community-based laboratory and a public hospital-based laboratory in an Australian local health district.
Methods: A total of 108 262 urine E. coli isolates from a public hospital-based laboratory (N = 34 103) and a private community-based laboratory (N = 74 159) in a single health district between 2007-2019 were analysed. Linear regression was used to identify significance of change in AMR rates in both laboratories independently and detect any significant interaction of each setting in proportional change over the study period.
Results: Similar AMR trends were detected among urinary E. coli isolates in private community-based laboratory and public hospital-based laboratory settings over 12 y. AMR rates were consistently higher in the public hospital-based setting. Ampicillin was the only antibiotic for which the E. coli resistance trend did not significantly change over the time period in either laboratory setting. All other antibiotics showed a significant increase in AMR rates over time in both settings.
Conclusions: AMR rates in both the private community-based laboratory and public hospital-based laboratory settings increased over time and were consistently higher in the public hospital-based laboratory setting. Since private laboratories handle the vast majority of pathology volumes in community outpatient settings in Australia, interventions incorporating the community-based laboratory setting are critical to addressing AMR in the community.
Keywords: Antimicrobial resistance; Community; E. coli; Hospital; UTI.
Crown Copyright © 2022. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.