Enhanced polyglucan contents in divergent cyanobacteria under nutrient-deprived photoautotrophy: transcriptional and metabolic changes in response to increased glycogen accumulation in nitrogen-deprived Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803

World J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2022 Nov 28;39(1):27. doi: 10.1007/s11274-022-03476-1.

Abstract

Cyanobacteria accumulate polyglucan as main carbohydrate storage. Here, the cellular polyglucan content was determined in 27 cyanobacterial strains from 25 genera. The polyglucan contents were significantly enhanced in 20 and 23 strains under nitrogen (-N) and phosphate (-P) deprivation, respectively. High polyglucan accumulation was not associated with particular evolutionary groups but was strain specific. The highest polyglucan accumulations of 46.2% and 52.5% (w/w dry weight; DW) were obtained under -N in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 (hereafter Synechocystis) and Chroococcus limneticus, respectively. In Synechocystis, 80-97% (w/w) of the polyglucan was glycogen. Transcriptome and metabolome analyses during glycogen accumulation under -N were determined in Synechocystis. The genes responsible for the supply of the substrates for glycogen synthesis: glycerate-1,3-phosphate and fructose-1,6-phosphate, were significantly up-regulated. The genes encoding the enzymes converting succinate to malate in TCA cycle, were significantly down-regulated. The genes encoding the regulator proteins which inhibits metabolism at lower part of glycolysis pathway, were also significantly up-regulated. The transcript levels of PII protein and the level of 2-oxoglutarate, which form a complex that inhibits lower part of glycolysis pathway, were significantly increased. Thus, the increased Synechocystis glycogen accumulation under -N was likely to be mediated by the increased supply of glycogen synthesis substrates and metabolic inhibitions at lower part of glycolysis pathway and TCA cycle.

Keywords: Carbohydrate; Cyanobacteria; Gene regulation; Metabolism; Nitrogen.

Publication types

  • Letter

MeSH terms

  • Glycogen
  • Nitrogen
  • Nutrients
  • Phosphates
  • Synechocystis* / genetics

Substances

  • Nitrogen
  • Phosphates
  • Glycogen