A retrospective cohort study of genetic referral and diagnosis of Lynch syndrome in patients with cutaneous sebaceous lesions

Fam Cancer. 2023 Jul;22(3):295-301. doi: 10.1007/s10689-022-00322-z. Epub 2022 Nov 28.

Abstract

Immunohistochemistry (IHC) of cutaneous sebaceous lesions (SL) can be used to screen patients for Lynch syndrome (LS). There is little data on rates of genetic referral and outcomes of genetic testing for patients with SL. This single-center retrospective study characterizes 400 + patients with SL, including IHC results, genetics referrals, and outcomes of genetic testing. Retrospective chart reviews were performed for patients with a pathology-confirmed diagnosis of SL at the University of Michigan between January 2009 and December 2019. 447 patients with 473 SL were identified. Excluding 20 patients with known LS, IHC was conducted in 173 (41%) patients. 92/173 (53%) patients had abnormal results. 69 of these 92 (75%) patients were referred to genetics. 32 additional patients were referred with normal IHC (n = 22) or without IHC (n = 10). Of 101 patients referred, 65 (64%) were seen and 47 (47%) completed genetic testing. 7/47 (15%) had pathogenic variants associated with LS, six with concordant abnormal IHC and one without IHC. Cancer genetics referral of patients with SL, particularly for lesions with abnormal IHC, yields a significant rate of LS diagnosis. Providers should consider genetics referral for patients with SL.

Keywords: Genetic testing; Immunohistochemistry; Lynch syndrome; Muir-Torre syndrome; Sebaceous lesions.

MeSH terms

  • Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis* / diagnosis
  • Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis* / genetics
  • DNA Mismatch Repair
  • Genetic Testing / methods
  • Germ-Line Mutation
  • Humans
  • Referral and Consultation
  • Retrospective Studies