An integrative GC-MS and LC-MS metabolomics platform determination of the metabolite profile of Bombax ceiba L. root, and in silico & in vitro evaluation of its antibacterial & antidiabetic activities

Nat Prod Res. 2023 Jul;37(13):2263-2268. doi: 10.1080/14786419.2022.2149519. Epub 2022 Nov 28.


The Bombax ceiba L. tree is a member of the family Bombacaceae and the genus Bombax. Both Chinese and Indian traditional medicine have made extensive use of it in the treatment of sickness. Its chemical composition is still a mystery. B. ceiba roots methanol extract (BCRME) was analyzed by different chromatographic analytical techniques in order to identify its major chemical constituents. Twelve compounds and six compounds were identified from GC-MS and LC-MS analysis, respectively. This is the first report on the presence of lathodoratin, cedrene, 4H-1-benzopyran-4-one,8-[{dimethylamino} methyl]-7-methoxy-3-methyl-2-phenyl, asiatic acid, and (E)-2,4,4'-trihydroxylchalcone in B. ceiba roots. Methanol extract demonstrated noteworthy antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus (MTCC96) (MIC: 100 µg/mL) compare to antibiotic ampicillin (MIC: 250 µg/mL) as well as the highest α-amylase inhibition (IC50=26.91 µg/mL) and α-glucosidase inhibition (IC50=21.21 µg/mL) effects, molecular docking study confirmed these findings, with some compounds having a very high docking score.

Keywords: Bombax ceiba L; GC–MS analysis; LC–MS analysis; asiatic acid; cedrene; lathodoratin.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / chemistry
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology
  • Bombax* / chemistry
  • Chromatography, Liquid
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
  • Metabolomics
  • Methanol
  • Molecular Docking Simulation
  • Plant Extracts* / chemistry
  • Plant Extracts* / pharmacology
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry


  • Plant Extracts
  • Methanol
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents