Background: Diabetic foot infection is the most common complications of diabetes mellitus. Although most of the diabetic foot infections has been known to be caused by aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, mycotic diabetic foot infection caused by Candida species has also been reported recently. Here, we present the first case of diabetic foot infection caused by Cutaneotrichosporon debeurmannianum (previously known as Trichosporon debeurmannianum).
Methods: A 68-year-old diabetic male patient was admitted for management of the necrosis of the big toe. Wound swab culture was performed three times, and each time after 5 days of incubation, beige-colored, wrinkled, and rough colonies were observed on chocolate agar plate.
Results: The isolate was identified as C. debeurmannianum with the matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry system (MicroIDSys, ASTA corp.). For confirmation, the sequencing for ITS1/ITS2 and D1/D2 ribosomal DNA was also performed, and the isolate was confirmed as C. debeurmannianum with 100% identity. The isolate exhibited low minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) for azoles and high MICs for all echinocandins.
Conclusion: Considering that usual incubation time for bacterial culture of open wound specimens is only 48 h, it is important to include the request for fungus culture to detect pathogen in diabetic foot lesion.
Keywords: Cutaneotrichosporon debeurmannianum; Trichosporon debeurmannianum; MIC; diabetic foot infection.
© 2022 The Authors. Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.