Outcome of Pregnancy in Women With D-Transposition of the Great Arteries: A Systematic Review

J Am Heart Assoc. 2022 Dec 6;11(23):e026862. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.122.026862. Epub 2022 Nov 29.


Background Information on maternal and fetal outcomes of pregnancy in women with D-transposition of the great arteries is limited. We conducted a systematic literature review on pregnancies in women with transposition of the great arteries after atrial and arterial switch operations to better define maternal and fetal risk. Methods and Results A systematic review was performed on studies between 2000 and 2021 that identified 676 pregnancies in 444 women with transposition of the great arteries. A total of 556 pregnancies in women with atrial switch operation were tolerated by most cases with low mortality (0.6%). Most common maternal complications, however, were arrhythmias (9%) and heart failure (8%) associated with serious morbidity in some patients. Worsening functional capacity, right ventricular function, and tricuspid regurgitation occurred in ≈20% of the cases. Rate of fetal and neonatal mortality was 1.4% and 0.8%, respectively, and rate of prematurity was 32%. A total of 120 pregnancies in women with arterial switch operation were associated with no maternal mortality, numerically lower rates of arrhythmias and heart failure (6% and 5%, respectively), significantly lower rate of prematurity (11%; P<0.001), and only 1 fetal loss. Conclusions Pregnancy is tolerated by most women with transposition of the great arteries and atrial switch operation with low mortality but important morbidity. Most common maternal complications were arrhythmias, heart failure, worsening of right ventricular function, and tricuspid regurgitation. There was also a high incidence of prematurity and increased rate of fetal loss and neonatal mortality. Outcome of pregnancy in women after arterial switch operations is more favorable, with reduced incidence of maternal complications and fetal outcomes similar to women without underlying cardiac disease.

Keywords: D‐transposition of the great arteries; arterial switch operation; atrial switch operation; congenital heart disease; pregnancy.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arteries
  • Female
  • Heart Failure*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Pregnancy
  • Transposition of Great Vessels* / surgery