Long-term home noninvasive ventilation (LTHNIV) in restrictive thoracic diseases: The Italian snapshot

Monaldi Arch Chest Dis. 2022 Nov 29. doi: 10.4081/monaldi.2022.2459. Online ahead of print.


Long-term home noninvasive ventilation (LTHNIV) in restrictive thoracic diseases was explored via the recently published international REINVENT ERS survey. The Italian subset of respondents (ITA-r), the highest above all participating nations, was analyzed and compared to non-Italian respondents (NO-ITA-r). The ITA-r represented 20% of the total answers examined. Ninety-four percent were physicians, whose half worked in a respiratory ICU (RICU). ITA-r mainly worked in community hospitals vs NO-ITA-r who are largely affiliated with university hospitals (p<0.0001). Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) was considered the most common medical condition leading to NIV indication by both ITA-r and NO-ITA-r (93% vs 78%, p>0.5). A greater proportion of ITA-r considered MIP/MEP the most important test for NIV initiation as compared to NO-IRA-r (p<0.05). There was no significant difference for both ITA-r and NO-ITA-r as regards the other questions. This study illustrates Italian LTHNIV practices in patients with NMD and it shows some important differences with the other countries' practices but agreement in terms of goals to achieve, reasons to initiate NIV, and practices among the two communities.