Hypertriglyceridemia is associated with stroke after non-cardiac, non-neurological surgery in the older patients: A nested case-control study

Front Aging Neurosci. 2022 Nov 14;14:935934. doi: 10.3389/fnagi.2022.935934. eCollection 2022.

Abstract

Introduction: Geriatric postoperative stroke is a rare but serious complication after surgery. The association between hypertriglyceridemia and postoperative stroke remains controversial, especially in older patients undergoing non-cardiac, non-neurological surgery. The study aims to address this clinical dilemma.

Materials and methods: We conducted a nested case-control study among 9601 aged patients undergoing non-cardiac non-neurological surgery from October 2015 to 2021. A total of 22 positive cases were matched for the surgical type and time, to 88 control patients by a ratio of 1:4. The effect of hypertriglyceridemia on the occurrence of postoperative stroke within 30 days after surgery was estimated using conditional logistic regression analysis by adjusting to various potential confounders.

Results: A total of 22 cases developed ischemia stroke after surgery, and compared with the non-stroke group, they had more postoperative ICU admission, longer postoperative hospitalization and higher total cost (all p < 0.05), and more patients were presenting with preoperative hypertriglyceridemia [8 (36.4%) vs. 15 (17.0%), p = 0.045]. There was a significant association between hypertriglyceridemia and postoperative stroke, with adjusted odds ratios of 6.618 (95% CI 1.286, 34.064) (p = 0.024). The above results remained robust in the sensitivity analyses.

Conclusion: Among older patients undergoing non-cardiac and non-neurological surgery, hypertriglyceridemia was associated with significant increased risk of postoperative stroke.

Keywords: elderly patients; hypertriglyceridemia; non-cardiac non-neurological surgery; postoperative stroke; sensitivity analysis.