Background: Leukemia caused by occupational risk is a problem that needs more attention and remains to be solved urgently, especially for acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and chronic lymphoid leukemia (CLL). However, there is a paucity of literature on this issue. We aimed to assess the global burden and trends of leukemia attributable to occupational risk from 1990 to 2019.
Methods: This observational trend study was based on the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2019 database, the global deaths, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), which were calculated to quantify the changing trend of leukemia attributable to occupational risk, were analyzed by age, year, geographical location, and socio-demographic index (SDI), and the corresponding estimated annual percentage change (EAPC) values were calculated.
Results: Global age-standardized DALYs and death rates of leukemia attributable to occupational risk presented significantly decline trends with EAPC [-0.38% (95% CI: -0.58 to -0.18%) for DALYs and -0.30% (95% CI: -0.45 to -0.146%) for death]. However, it was significantly increased in people aged 65-69 years [0.42% (95% CI: 0.30-0.55%) for DALYs and 0.38% (95% CI: 0.26-0.51%) for death]. At the same time, the age-standardized DALYs and death rates of ALL, AML, and CLL were presented a significantly increased trend with EAPCs [0.78% (95% CI: 0.65-0.91%), 0.87% (95% CI: 0.81-0.93%), and 0.66% (95% CI: 0.51-0.81%) for DALYs, respectively, and 0.75% (95% CI: 0.68-0.82%), 0.96% (95% CI: 0.91-1.01%), and 0.55% (95% CI: 0.43-0.68%) for death], respectively. The ALL, AML, and CLL were shown an upward trend in almost all age groups.
Conclusion: We observed a substantial reduction in leukemia due to occupational risks between 1990 and 2019. However, the people aged 65-69 years and burdens of ALL, AML, and CLL had a significantly increased trend in almost all age groups. Thus, there remains an urgent need to accelerate efforts to reduce leukemia attributable to occupational risk-related death burden in this population and specific causes.
Keywords: ALL; AML; death rate; global burden disease; leukemia.
Copyright © 2022 Shi, Chen, Huang, Xu, Xu, Shen, Ye, Jin, Tong, Yu, Tang, Li, Cui and Xie.