Engineering new protein functionalities through the addition of noncoded amino acids is a major biotechnological endeavor that needs to overcome the natural firewalls that prevent misincorporation during protein synthesis. This field is in constant evolution driven by the discovery or design of new tools, many of which are based on archeal biology. In a recent article published in JBC, one such tool is characterized and its evolution studied, revealing unexpected details regarding the emergence of the universal genetic code machinery.
Keywords: Archaea; Biotechnology; Genetic Code expansion; pyrrolysine; pyrrolysine-tRNA synthetase; tRNA.
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