Ultrasonic Texture Features for Assessing Cardiac Remodeling and Dysfunction

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2022 Dec 6;80(23):2187-2201. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2022.09.036.


Background: Changes in cardiac size, myocardial mass, cardiomyocyte appearance, and, ultimately, the function of the entire organ are interrelated features of cardiac remodeling that profoundly affect patient outcomes.

Objectives: This study proposes that the application of radiomics for extracting cardiac ultrasonic textural features (ultrasomics) can aid rapid, automated assessment of left ventricular (LV) structure and function without requiring manual measurements.

Methods: This study developed machine-learning models using cardiac ultrasound images from 1,915 subjects in 3 clinical cohorts: 1) an expert-annotated cardiac point-of-care-ultrasound (POCUS) registry (n = 943, 80% training/testing and 20% internal validation); 2) a prospective POCUS cohort for external validation (n = 275); and 3) a prospective external validation on high-end ultrasound systems (n = 484). In a type 2 diabetes murine model, echocardiography of wild-type (n = 10) and Leptr-/- (n = 8) mice were assessed longitudinally at 3 and 25 weeks, and ultrasomics features were correlated with histopathological features of hypertrophy.

Results: The ultrasomics model predicted LV remodeling in the POCUS and high-end ultrasound external validation studies (area under the curve: 0.78 [95% CI: 0.68-0.88] and 0.79 [95% CI: 0.73-0.86], respectively). Similarly, the ultrasomics model predicted LV remodeling was significantly associated with major adverse cardiovascular events in both cohorts (P < 0.0001 and P = 0.0008, respectively). Moreover, on multivariate analysis, the ultrasomics probability score was an independent echocardiographic predictor of major adverse cardiovascular events in the high-end ultrasound cohort (HR: 8.53; 95% CI: 4.75-32.1; P = 0.0003). In the murine model, cardiomyocyte hypertrophy positively correlated with 2 ultrasomics biomarkers (R2 = 0.57 and 0.52, Q < 0.05).

Conclusions: Cardiac ultrasomics-based biomarkers may aid development of machine-learning models that provide an expert-level assessment of LV structure and function.

Keywords: MACE; automated; machine-learning; mouse; radiomics; ultrasomics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cardiovascular Diseases*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Hypertrophy
  • Mice
  • Myocytes, Cardiac
  • Prospective Studies
  • Ultrasonics
  • Ventricular Remodeling