Knowledge and attitude towards strabismus among adult residents in Woreta town, North West Ethiopia: A community-based study

PLoS One. 2022 Dec 2;17(12):e0278703. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0278703. eCollection 2022.

Abstract

Background: Strabismus is a visual disorder where the eyes are misaligned and point in different directions. Untreated strabismus can lead to amblyopia, loss of binocular vision, and social stigma due to its appearance. Since it is assumed that knowledge is pertinent for early screening and prevention of strabismus, the main objective of this study was to assess knowledge and attitudes toward strabismus in Woreta town, Northwest Ethiopia. Providing data in this area is important for planning health policies.

Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was done in Woreta town from April-May 2020 with a sample size of 424. A systematic random sampling technique was employed to achieve the required sample size. A pre-tested self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. Data were entered using epi-data version 3.1, then processed and analyzed via SPSS version 20. Descriptive and analytical statistics were employed to summarize the data. A p-value of less than 0.05 was used to declare statistical significance.

Result: A total of 401 individuals aged over 18 years participated, with a response rate of 94.5%. Of those who responded, 56.6% were males. Of all the participants, 36.9% were illiterate. The proportion of people with poor knowledge of strabismus was 45.1%. It was shown that 53.9% of the respondents had a favorable attitude. Older age, higher educational level, having a history of eye examination, and a having a family history of strabismus were significantly associated with good knowledge of strabismus. A higher educational level, older age, and hearing about strabismus were significantly associated with a favorable attitude toward strabismus.

Conclusion and recommendation: The proportion of good knowledge and favorable attitude towards strabismus were lower than previously reported in Gondar City, Northwest Ethiopia. There is a need to provide health education and promotion campaigns on strabismus to the community: what strabismus is, its' possible treatments and the need to bring children to the eye care center for early diagnosis and treatment.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attitude
  • Child
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Ethiopia / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Knowledge*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Strabismus* / diagnosis
  • Strabismus* / epidemiology

Grant support

The author (s) received no specific funding for this work.