Transcriptional and post-transcriptional controls for tuning gene expression in plants

Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2023 Feb:71:102315. doi: 10.1016/j.pbi.2022.102315. Epub 2022 Nov 30.


Plant biotechnologists seek to modify plants through genetic reprogramming, but our ability to precisely control gene expression in plants is still limited. Here, we review transcription and translation in the model plants Arabidopsis thaliana and Nicotiana benthamiana with an eye toward control points that may be used to predictably modify gene expression. We highlight differences in gene expression requirements between these plants and other species, and discuss the ways in which our understanding of gene expression has been used to engineer plants. This review is intended to serve as a resource for plant scientists looking to achieve precise control over gene expression.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis Proteins* / metabolism
  • Arabidopsis* / genetics
  • Arabidopsis* / metabolism
  • Gene Expression
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant / genetics
  • Nicotiana / genetics
  • Nicotiana / metabolism
  • Plants / genetics
  • Plants / metabolism
  • Plants, Genetically Modified / genetics


  • Arabidopsis Proteins