Use of Symptom Checklist 90 for exploring psychological factors among the parents of children hospitalized for burn injuries in Shanghai: a cross-sectional study

Sci Rep. 2022 Dec 5;12(1):21039. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-25470-1.


To better improve the conditions for the recovery of children with burn injuries, timely understanding of the psychological status of parents is important. A cross-sectional survey on it using convenience sampling was conducted at two hospitals. Besides basic information, the Symptom Checklist 90, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, Social Support Rate Scale, and Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire were used, and the key factors were identified via multivariate linear regression analysis and path analysis. A total of 196 guardians were recruited, 180 valid and completed questionnaires were obtained, including 58 men (32.2%) and 122 women (67.8%), and their average age was 30.3 years (standard deviation = 7.6). Of these, 151 participants (83.9%) were parents. Multivariate analysis revealed that children's age, parent gender, P score, negative coping style, and religion were the main factors that affected parents' psychology. Moreover, path analysis showed that P score, children's age, and negative coping style had the greatest impact on the total average score. These results suggest that during hospitalization, the following three factors should be focused on: older children, higher parental psychoticism, and increased negative coping style.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Burns* / therapy
  • Checklist*
  • Child
  • China / epidemiology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parents / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires