Background: Erector spinae plane block (ESPB) is an ultrasound-guided interfascial plane block used to provide analgesia in dogs undergoing hemilaminectomy. The aim of this study is to compare the analgesic efficacy of a bilateral ESPB with a fentanyl constant rate infusion (CRI) in dogs undergoing hemilaminectomy.
Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study. Anaesthetic records of client-owned dogs undergoing hemilaminectomy (June 2019-August 2020), and in which a bilateral ESPB was performed (group ESPB), were retrieved and compared to a cohort of 39 dogs that underwent hemilaminectomy (September 2014 - June 2017) and in which a fentanyl CRI (2 μg/kg bolus followed by 5 μg/kg/hour) was used as a primary intraoperative analgesia (group CRI). The prevalence of dogs in which intraoperative rescue fentanyl boluses were administered, the total dose of rescue fentanyl boluses administered, the postoperative methadone requirement and anaesthetic complications during the first 24 postoperative hours were evaluated. Univariate statistical analysis was used.
Results: Group ESPB comprised of 93 dogs. The bilateral ESPB was performed using a median (range) levobupivacaine volume of 1 (0.5-1.7) mL/kg per side, at a concentration of 0.125% (0.12-0.25). At least one rescue fentanyl bolus was administered in 54.8% and in 56.4% of dogs in group ESPB and CRI, respectively (p > 0.99). The number of rescue fentanyl boluses was higher in group CRI (p = 0.006), especially during lumbar hemilaminectomy. Rescue fentanyl boluses were more frequently administered from skin incision to end of vertebral lamina drilling in group CRI (p = 0.001), and from end of vertebral lamina drilling to end of surgery in group ESPB (p = 0.0002). During the first 6 (p = 0.0035) and 6-12 (p = 0.0005) postoperative hours, the number of dogs that required at least one dose of methadone was higher in group CRI. In group ESPB, dogs were more likely to become hypothermic (p = 0.04). One dog, not included in the study, developed sinus arrest after performing a caudal thoracic ESPB.
Conclusions: Under the conditions of this study, a bilateral ESPB was associated with a lower number of rescue fentanyl boluses administered in dogs undergoing hemilaminectomy, especially between skin incision to end of vertebral lamina drilling. Despite ESPB being associated with a reduced opioid consumption during the first 12 hours postoperatively, differences in the postoperative management precluded any firm conclusion regarding its postoperative effect.
Keywords: Analgesia; Dog; Erector spinae plane block; Hemilaminectomy; Regional anaesthesia.
© 2022. The Author(s).