Bats (Mammalia, Chiroptera) and bat flies (Diptera, Streblidae) from the Cazumbá-Iracema and Chico Mendes Reserve, Western Brazilian Amazon

Parasitol Res. 2023 Feb;122(2):451-459. doi: 10.1007/s00436-022-07741-y. Epub 2022 Dec 6.

Abstract

Bats belong to the order Chiroptera and are composed of 18 families, 202 genera, and 1420 species. Cosmopolitans, they have a high diversity of trophic and behavioral guilds, several ecosystem services, and intraspecific associations with ectoparasites. In Brazil, 68 species of Streblidae have already been recorded, although knowledge about the bat fauna and their ectoparasites is still low. Thus, the objective was to present a list of bat species, and to relate parasites with hosts, for two extractive reserves in the state of Acre, western Brazilian Amazon. The collections took place in ten nights, five in each RESEX, both carried out in August 2019. At each point, 10 mist nets (9 m × 2.5 m) were used, remaining open for 6 h. The captured bats were stored in cotton bags and had their data collected. Subsequently, the search for ectoparasites was carried out throughout the individual's body and extracted with brushes moistened with 96% ethyl alcohol and fine-tipped tweezers. Species of flies were identified to the lowest taxonomic level through specific bibliography. Thirty-three bats from six trophic guilds and 46 ectoparasitic dipterans were sampled, all from the Streblidae family. The most abundant bat family was Phyllostomidae, a recurring result in several studies carried out in the neotropical region. This is related to the selectivity of the mist net in bat sampling, in addition to a close correlation between Phyllostomidae bats and ectoparasitic flies of the Streblidae family.

Keywords: Landscape modifications; Livestock; Parasite-host network; Species list.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brazil
  • Chiroptera*
  • Diptera*
  • Ecosystem
  • Ectoparasitic Infestations* / parasitology
  • Ectoparasitic Infestations* / veterinary
  • Host-Parasite Interactions
  • Mammals