Mechanical Complications After Intramedullary Fixation of Extracapsular Hip Fractures

J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2022 Dec 15;30(24):e1550-e1562. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-22-00213. Epub 2022 Nov 9.


Extracapsular hip fractures occur frequently in the elderly as a result of low-energy trauma. Achieving stable fixation in osteoporotic bone to allow early weight bearing is a key objective in the treatment of these injuries. Many of the intraoperative decisions facing surgeons are directed by first determining fracture stability. Unstable fracture patterns should be fixated with intramedullary nails, aiming to control motion around the implant and at the fracture site. Torsion control devices provide additional stability and control, although their exact indications are not precisely defined. Complications that arise as a result of the early loading can be avoided with a good surgical reduction, meticulous technique, and proper implant selection. Mechanical complications include cutout, inordinate proximal femoral shortening, delayed union, early implant fracture, nail toggle, and cut through/medial migration.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Hip Fractures* / surgery
  • Humans