Telemedical monitoring in patients with inborn cardiac disease - experience of a tertiary care centre

Mamm Genome. 2023 Jun;34(2):323-330. doi: 10.1007/s00335-022-09972-x. Epub 2022 Dec 8.


Background: The number of cardiologically relevant genetic findings will continue to increase. This is due to the use of high-throughput sequencing techniques and the critical role of incidental findings in cardiac disease genes. Telemedicine can be a useful diagnostic tool to monitor the heart rhythm of patients with inborn cardiac diseases.

Methods: Patients were screened once they had been referred to our outpatient department for rare cardiac diseases between January 2020 and May 2022. Those patients who underwent genetic testing and were consequently diagnosed with a genetic disorder were included in this study. Their medical records were evaluated regarding implanted cardiac electronic devices and findings in the telemedical monitoring.

Results: 304 patients were seen in our outpatient department for rare cardiac diseases in the mentioned period. In 100 cases, genetic testing was performed. 10 patients (10%) with an identified inborn cardiac disease were monitored via telemedicine until the end of May 2022. 4 patients were monitored by implantable loop recorders (ILR), 4 patients were monitored by Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (ICD), and 2 patients received both devices. Clinical relevant arrhythmias making medical intervention necessary were identified in 4 cases. In two cases, data interpretation was hampered by sinus tachycardia caused by physical exercise.

Discussion: Telemonitoring of the heart rhythm by medical devices is beneficial for patients with monogenic heart diseases. Especially, when the indication for an ICD is not clear, implantation of a telemonitored ILR can be a suitable choice. However, rhythm analysis can be challenging in young patients who are physically active.

MeSH terms

  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / diagnosis
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / genetics
  • Defibrillators, Implantable* / adverse effects
  • Heart
  • Humans
  • Telemedicine*
  • Tertiary Care Centers