5'-Nucleotidase is dispensable for the growth of Salmonella Typhimurium but inhibits the bactericidal activity of macrophage extracellular traps

Arch Microbiol. 2022 Dec 8;205(1):20. doi: 10.1007/s00203-022-03353-3.

Abstract

Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) is a zoonotic pathogen that causes severe gastroenteritis. The 5'-nucleotidases of pathogens can dephosphorylate adenosine phosphates, boost adenosine levels and suppress the pro-inflammatory immune response. In our previous study, an extracellular nuclease, 5'-nucleotidase, was identified in the extracellular proteins of S. Typhimurium. However, the nuclease activity and the function of the 5'-nucleotidase of S. Typhimurium have not been explored. In the present study, deletion of the 5'-nucleotidase gene is dispensable for S. Typhimurium growth, even under environmental stress. Fluorescence microscopy revealed that the 5'-nucleotidase mutant induced more macrophage extracellular traps (METs) than the wild type did. Furthermore, recombinant 5'-nucleotidase protein (r5Nuc) could degrade λDNA, and the nuclease activity of r5Nuc was optimum at 37 °C and pH 6.0-7.0. The Mg2+ enhanced the nuclease activity of r5Nuc, whereas Zn2+ inhibited it. Meanwhile, deletion of the 5'-nucleotidase gene increased the bactericidal activity of METs, and r5Nuc could degrade METs and inhibit the bactericidal activity of METs. In conclusion, S. Typhimurium growth was independent of 5'-nucleotidase, but the nuclease activity of 5'-nucleotidase assisted S. Typhimurium to evade macrophage-mediated extracellular killing through degrading METs.

Keywords: 5′-Nucleotidase; Bactericidal activity; Dynamic growth; Macrophage extracellular traps.

MeSH terms

  • Extracellular Traps*
  • Macrophages
  • Salmonella typhimurium* / genetics