Purpose: This study investigated the new splice site mutations of Myosin VIIA (MYO7A) in patients with Usher syndrome type 1 (USH1) from a three-generation Chinese consanguineous family.
Methods: All subjects underwent comprehensive ophthalmic examinations and an audiometric test. Demographic data, family history, and peripheral blood leukocytes were collected. We performed whole exome sequencing (WES) to analyze the genomic DNA of the family. DNA sequence and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analyses were also done. The identified genetic variants were validated by conducting polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in 100 healthy control subjects and comparing with the NCBI VARIANT database and the 1000 Genomes Project. The functional consequences were further analyzed.
Results: WES identified two new splice site mutations (c.5648G > A(rs111033215) and c.6238-1G > C) in MYO7A in two patients with USH1, i.e., the proband and her elder brother. DNA sequence and RFLP analyses showed that other members without USH1 carried only one of the two mutations. In the analysis of healthy controls, neither mutation existed. Both mutations were predicted to be damaging and were most likely associated with USH1.
Conclusion: In the three-generation Chinese consanguineous family with USH1, c.5648G > A(rs111033215) and c.6238-1G > C mutations in MYO7A are most likely associated with the disease. Our findings expand the mutational spectrum of MYO7A, which will enhance the understanding of the genetic abnormalities in USH1 and provide more evidence for future investigations on therapeutic strategies such as precise gene replacement or gene editing.
Keywords: MYO7A; Splice site mutation; Usher syndrome type 1; Whole exome sequencing.
© 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.