Clinical and Molecular Features of a Chinese Cohort With Syndromic and Nonsyndromic Retinal Dystrophies Related to the CEP290 Gene

Am J Ophthalmol. 2023 Apr:248:96-106. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2022.11.023. Epub 2022 Dec 7.


Purpose: To reveal the clinical and genetic features of 54 Chinese pedigrees with syndromic or nonsyndromic retinal dystrophies related to CEP290 and to explore the genotype-phenotype correlation.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Methods: Patients diagnosed with nonsyndromic inherited retinal dystrophy (IRD) or syndromic ciliopathy (SCP) were enrolled. We identified 61 patients from 54 families carrying biallelic pathogenic CEP290 variants using next-generation sequencing, Sanger sequencing, and co-segregation validation. Genotype-phenotype correlation was evaluated.

Results: This study included 37 IRD patients from 32 families and 24 patients with SCP from 22 pedigrees. Four retinal dystrophy phenotypes were confirmed: Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA, 46/61), early-onset severe retinal dystrophy (EOSRD, 4/61), retinitis pigmentosa (RP, 10/61), and cone-rod dystrophy (CORD, 1/61). The SCP phenotypes included Joubert syndrome (JS) (23/24) and Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) (1/24). We detected 73 different CEP290 variants, of which 33 (45.2%) were not previously reported. Two novel copy number variations (CNVs) and 1 novel pathogenic synonymous change were identified. The most recurrent alterations in the IRD and SCP were p.Q123* (6/64, 9.4%) and p.I556Ffs*17 (10/44, 22.7%), respectively. IRD patients carried more stop-gain alleles (25/64, 39.1%), whereas SCP patients carried more frameshift alleles (23/44, 52.3%).

Conclusions: LCA was the most common retinal dystrophy phenotype, and JS was the most prevalent syndrome in CEP290 patients; RP/CORD and BBS may be present in early adulthood. The hot spot variants and distribution of genotypes were distinct between IRD and SCP. Our study expands the CEP290 variant spectrum and enhances the current knowledge of CEP290 heterogeneity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antigens, Neoplasm / genetics
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics
  • Cone-Rod Dystrophies*
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / genetics
  • DNA Copy Number Variations
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • East Asian People
  • Humans
  • Mutation
  • Pedigree
  • Phenotype
  • Retinal Dystrophies* / diagnosis
  • Retinal Dystrophies* / genetics
  • Retrospective Studies


  • Cep290 protein, human
  • Antigens, Neoplasm
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • Cell Cycle Proteins

Supplementary concepts

  • Agenesis of Cerebellar Vermis