Challenging Endocrine Sensitivity of Hormone Receptor-Positive/HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer with the Combination of Eribulin and Endocrine Therapy: The REVERT Study

Cancers (Basel). 2022 Nov 29;14(23):5880. doi: 10.3390/cancers14235880.


Background: Luminal advanced breast cancer (ABC) patients eventually progress on endocrine therapy. REVERT aimed to explore whether eribulin could restore endocrine sensitivity in a randomized, non-comparative phase II trial.

Methods: Aromatase inhibitor (AI)-resistant patients with luminal ABC were randomized 1:1 to receive eribulin +/- AI. Patients were stratified by prior cyclin-dependent kinases 4/6 inhibitor (CDK4/6i) treatment. The primary endpoint was an investigator-assessed overall response rate (ORR) according to RECIST version 1.1 in the eribulin + AI arm. An interim analysis was planned with 11 evaluable patients according to a two-stage Simon design.

Results: Twenty-two patients were enrolled (15 eribulin + AI arm; 7 eribulin arm). The trial was terminated early in March 2021, with eight (36.4%) patients still on treatment. ORR was 26.7% in the eribulin + AI arm (95% CI, 7.8-55.1%; p = 0.0541). In the eribulin arm, two (28.6%) patients had an objective response (95% CI, 3.7-71.0%). The difference between the study arms was not significant (p = 0.918). The addition of AI to eribulin also failed to show improvement in other efficacy endpoints. A significant interaction between the treatment arm and previous CDK4/6i treatment was observed for ORR (p = 0.018) and progression-free survival (p = 0.084). Overall, the toxicity profile was consistent with the known safety profile of eribulin. No treatment-related deaths were reported.

Conclusion: Eribulin + AI does not seem to improve outcomes compared with eribulin monotherapy in patients with AI-resistant luminal ABC. This chemo-endocrine approach deserves further investigation after progression to CDK4/6i-based therapy.

Keywords: endocrine resistance; eribulin; luminal breast cancer.

Grants and funding

This research received no external funding.