Glucosylsphingosine (Lyso-Gb1): An Informative Biomarker in the Clinical Monitoring of Patients with Gaucher Disease

Int J Mol Sci. 2022 Nov 29;23(23):14938. doi: 10.3390/ijms232314938.


Historically, disease burden and treatment responses in patients with Gaucher disease (GD) was assessed by monitoring clinical data, laboratory, imaging, chitotriosidase (CHITO), and other biomarkers; however, these biomarkers lack specificity and CHITO is uninformative in patients heterozygous or homozygous for the CHIT1 c.1049_1072dup24 variant. Recently, glucosylsphingosine (lyso-Gb1), a sensitive and specific GD biomarker, has been recommended for patient monitoring. Furthermore, studies measuring lyso-Gb1 and CHITO in patients on long-term treatment with enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) and/or substrate reduction therapy (SRT) reported as group data show a reduction in both analytes, yet individualized patient data are generally unavailable. We describe seven patients on long-term treatment with longitudinal clinical data with monitoring based on current treatment guidelines. We present four patients who exhibit stable disease with normalized CHITO despite elevated lyso-Gb1. We present one patient who transitioned from ERT to SRT due to lack of a clinical response with life-threatening thrombocytopenia who responded with marked improvement in platelets, and normalized levels of both CHITO and lyso-Gb1. Finally, we present two ERT to SRT switch patients with stable disease on ERT who exhibited non-compliance on SRT, one with mirrored marked elevations of CHITO and lyso-Gb1; and another with normal CHITO and platelets, but increasing lyso-Gb1 levels and enlarged spleen. These clinical vignettes highlight the role of lyso-Gb1 as a sensitive biomarker in management of patients with GD, and its further value when CHITO is normal and thus uninformative. We highlight the personalized medicine approach needed to optimize treatment outcomes and recommendations for these patients.

Keywords: Gaucher disease; biomarkers; chitotriosidase; glucosylsphingosine; long-term treatment; lyso-Gb1.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Biomarkers
  • Enzyme Replacement Therapy
  • Gaucher Disease* / diagnosis
  • Gaucher Disease* / drug therapy
  • Gaucher Disease* / genetics
  • Humans
  • Psychosine


  • sphingosyl beta-glucoside
  • Psychosine
  • Biomarkers

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