Impact of the Polymer Backbone Structure on the Separation Properties of New Stationary Phases Based on Tricyclononenes

Polymers (Basel). 2022 Nov 24;14(23):5120. doi: 10.3390/polym14235120.


The main purpose of this paper is to compare the chromatographic properties of capillary columns prepared with polymers with different backbone structures and to demonstrate the possibility of polymer differentiation via inverse gas chromatography. With the use of addition and metathesis types of polymerization of tricyclononenes, two new stationary phases were prepared. The metathesis polymer contained double bonds in the polymeric backbone while the backbone of the addition polymer was fully saturated and relatively mobile. A comparison of the separation and adsorption properties of new phases with conventional gas chromatography (GC) stationary phases clearly indicated their non-polar characteristics. However, the difference in the polymer structure appeared to have very little effect on the stationary phase separation properties, so other parameters were used for polymer characterization. The thermodynamic parameters of the sorption of alkanes and aromatic compounds in both polymeric stationary phases were also very similar; however, the entropy of sorption for hydrocarbons with seven or more carbon atoms was different for the two polymers. An evaluation of the specific surface energy of the stationary phases also allowed us to discriminate the two stationary phases.

Keywords: dispersive surface energy; polymeric stationary phase; specific surface energy; thermodynamic properties; tricyclonone stationary phases.

Grants and funding

This work was carried out within the State Program of the A.V. Topchiev Institute of the Petrochemical Synthesis Russian Academy of Sciences.