Microstructure and Shear Behaviour of Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu Composite Solder Pastes Enhanced by Epoxy Resin

Polymers (Basel). 2022 Dec 4;14(23):5303. doi: 10.3390/polym14235303.


With the rapid development of microelectronics packaging technology, the demand for high-performance packaging materials has further increased. This paper developed novel epoxy-containing Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu (SAC305-ER) composite solder pastes, and the effects of epoxy resin on their spreading performance, microstructure, and shear behaviour were analysed. The research results showed that with the addition of epoxy resin, SAC305 solder pastes exhibited exceptional spreadability on Cu substrates, which could be attributed to the reduction in the viscosity and the surface tension of the composite solder pastes. With the addition of epoxy resin, the solder matrix microstructure and interfacial morphology of SAC305-ER composite solder joints remained unchanged. However, continuous resin protective layers were observed on the surface of SAC305-ER composite solder joints after the reflow process. The shear properties of the composite solder joints were enhanced by the extra mechanical bonding effect provided by resin layers. When the epoxy resin content was 8 wt%, the shear forces of SAC305-ER composite solder joints reached the maximum value. Fracture analysis indicated that cracked epoxy resin was observed on the surface of SAC305-ER composite solder joints, indicating that the epoxy resin also underwent obvious deformation in the shear test.

Keywords: Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu composite solder paste; epoxy resin; fracture morphology; microstructure analysis; shear behaviour; spreading performance.