Association of Bradycardia and Asystole Episodes with Dialytic Parameters: An Analysis of the Monitoring in Dialysis (MiD) Study

Kidney360. 2022 Oct 11;3(11):1871-1880. doi: 10.34067/KID.0003142022. eCollection 2022 Nov 24.


Background: Bradycardia and asystole events are common among patients treated with maintenance hemodialysis. However, triggers of these events in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD), particularly during the long interdialytic period when these events cluster, are uncertain.

Methods: The Monitoring in Dialysis Study (MiD) enrolled 66 patients on maintenance HD who were implanted with loop recorders and followed for 6 months. We analyzed associations of predialysis laboratory values with clinically significant bradyarrhythmia or asystole (CSBA) during the 12 hours before an HD session. Associations with CSBA were analyzed with mixed-effect models. Adjusted negative binomial mixed-effect regression was used to estimate incidence rate ratios (IRR) for CSBA. We additionally evaluated associations of CSBA at any time during follow-up with time-averaged dialytic and laboratory parameters and associations of peridialytic parameters with occurrence of CSBA from the start of one HD session to the beginning of the next.

Results: There were 551 CSBA that occurred in the last 12 hours of the interdialytic interval preceding 100 HD sessions in 12% of patients and 1475 CSBA events in 23% of patients overall. We did not identify significant associations between dialytic parameters or serum electrolytes and CSBA in the last 12 hours of the interdialytic interval in adjusted analyses. Median time-averaged ultrafiltration rate was significantly higher in individuals without CSBA (9.8 versus 8, P=0.04). Use of dialysate sodium concentrations ≤135 (versus 140) mEq/L was associated with a reduced risk of CSBA from the start of one session to the beginning of next.

Conclusions: Although a few factors had modest associations with CSBA in some analyses, we did not identify any robust associations of modifiable parameters with CSBA in the MiD Study. Further investigation is needed to understand the high rates of arrhythmia in the hemodialysis population.

Trial registration: NCT01779856.

Keywords: arrhythmia; asystole; bradycardia; dialysis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bradycardia / epidemiology
  • Dialysis Solutions
  • Heart Arrest* / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic* / epidemiology
  • Renal Dialysis / adverse effects


  • Dialysis Solutions

Associated data