2023 American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines for Monitoring and Antagonism of Neuromuscular Blockade: A Report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Neuromuscular Blockade

Anesthesiology. 2023 Jan 1;138(1):13-41. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000004379.


These practice guidelines provide evidence-based recommendations on the management of neuromuscular monitoring and antagonism of neuromuscular blocking agents during and after general anesthesia. The guidance focuses primarily on the type and site of monitoring and the process of antagonizing neuromuscular blockade to reduce residual neuromuscular blockade.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anesthesiologists
  • Anesthetics*
  • Delayed Emergence from Anesthesia*
  • Humans
  • Neuromuscular Blockade*
  • Neuromuscular Blocking Agents*
  • Neuromuscular Monitoring


  • Neuromuscular Blocking Agents
  • Anesthetics