Biodegradable cotton fiber-based piezoresistive textiles for wearable biomonitoring

Biosens Bioelectron. 2023 Feb 15:222:114999. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2022.114999. Epub 2022 Dec 9.


Electronic textiles are fundamentally changing the way we live. However, the inability to effectively recycle them is a considerable burden to the environment. In this study, we developed a cotton fiber-based piezoresistive textile (CF p-textile) for biomonitoring which is biocompatible, biodegradable, and environmentally friendly. These CF p-textiles were fabricated using a scalable dip-coating method to adhere MXene flakes to porous cotton cellulose fibers. The adhesion is made stronger by strong hydrogen bonding between MXene flakes and hierarchically porous cotton cellulose fibers. This cotton-fiber system provides a high sensitivity of 17.73 kPa-1 in a wide pressure range (100 Pa-30 kPa), a 2 Pa subtle pressure detection limit, fast response/recovery time (80/40 ms), and good cycle stability (over 5, 000 cycles). With its compelling sensing performance, the CF p-textile can detect various human biomechanical activities, including pulsation, muscle movement, and swallowing, while still being comfortable to wear. Moreover, the cotton cellulose is decomposed into low-molecular weight cellulose or glucose as a result of the 1,4-glycosidic bond breakage when exposed to acid or during natural degradation, which allows the electronic textile to be biodegradable. This work offers an ecologically-benign, cost-effective and facile approach to fabricating high-performance wearable bioelectronics.

Keywords: Biomonitoring; Electronic textiles; Piezoresistive; Wearable Bioelectronics.

MeSH terms

  • Biological Monitoring
  • Biosensing Techniques*
  • Cellulose
  • Cotton Fiber
  • Humans
  • Textiles
  • Wearable Electronic Devices*


  • MXene
  • Cellulose