The scale and topological relationship of river networks (RN) and water resources zones (WRZ) directly affect the simulation results of global multi-scale hydrological cycle and the accuracy of water resource refined evaluation. However, few existing global hydrological data sets take account of both aspects simultaneously. Here, we constructed a new hydrologic data set with a spatial resolution of 90 m as an upgraded version of the GRNWRZ V1.0. This data set had proper grading and partitioning thresholds and clear coding of topological relationships. Based on maintaining the accuracy of river networks in the GRNWRZ V1.0, we determined the more refined thresholds and created a new coding rule, which made the grading RN and partitioning WRZ more precise and the topological relationship more intuitive. Supported by this data set, the accuracy and efficiency of the large-scale hydrological simulation can be guaranteed. This data set provides fundamental data support for global water resources governance and global hydrological modeling under climate change.
© 2022. The Author(s).