Outcomes of Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes Undergoing Chronic Total Occlusion Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

J Invasive Cardiol. 2023 Jan;35(1):E24-E30. Epub 2022 Dec 15.


Background: The prevalence and outcomes of patients who presented with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and underwent chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have received limited study.

Methods: We examined the clinical characteristics and procedural outcomes of ACS patients who underwent CTO-PCI in the Prospective Global Registry for the Study of CTO Intervention (PROGRESS-CTO; NCT02061436).

Results: Of the 8826 patients who underwent CTO-PCI between 2012 and 2022 at 38 centers, 558 (6.3%) presented with ACS. ACS presentation was with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (MI) in 54%, unstable angina in 33%, and ST-segment elevation MI in 6.5%. ACS patients were older (66 ± 11 years vs 64 ± 10 years; P<.001) and had higher prevalence of comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus (48% vs 42%; P=.02), prior MI (52% vs 45%; P<.01), and lower left ventricular ejection fraction (49 ± 14% vs 51 ± 13%; P<.01). While the PROGRESS-CTO score (1.4 ± 1.0 vs 1.2 ± 1.0; P<.001) was higher in the ACS group, the J-CTO score was comparable (2.3 ± 1.2 vs 2.4 ± 1.3; P=.68). Technical success (88% vs 86%; P=.12) and the incidence of in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) (0.9% vs 2.1%; P=.06) and adverse events at 3-month follow-up (3.4% vs 7.2%; Kaplan-Meier log-rank P=.16) were similar between ACS and non-ACS patients, respectively.

Conclusion: Approximately 6% of patients who underwent CTO-PCI presented with an ACS. Technical success, in-hospital MACE, and the incidence of adverse events up to 3 months were similar between patients who presented with vs without an ACS.

Keywords: acute coronary syndrome; chronic total occlusion; indication; percutaneous coronary intervention.

Publication types

  • Clinical Study

MeSH terms

  • Acute Coronary Syndrome* / surgery
  • Aged
  • Chronic Disease
  • Coronary Occlusion* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Percutaneous Coronary Intervention* / adverse effects
  • Prospective Studies
  • Registries
  • Risk Factors
  • ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction
  • Stroke Volume
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ventricular Function, Left

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT02061436