There are two purposes to this paper. Firstly to describe the temporal pattern of germ-cell testicular cancers in Scotland, both as a single entity and as the histological sub-types (pure) seminoma and teratoma. Incidence rates rose by over 50% between 1959 and 1984, with the rates of seminoma increasing only marginally and the majority of the overall increase accounted for by the substantial increase observed among the sub-type teratoma. Secondly, to investigate the impact of new therapies on the mortality rate from germ-cell testicular cancer in Scotland in the light of improvements in survival rate reported during the last 25 years from clinical trials and clinical series. Noticeable changes have occurred in the temporal pattern of mortality which cannot be explained by changes in incidence. The ever-widening gap between the increasing incidence rate and the declining mortality rate, particularly apparent in the high-risk age group 15-44, indicates an improving prognosis for patients with this malignancy in Scotland.