Therapeutic Options for the Management of Pompe Disease: Current Challenges and Clinical Evidence in Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management

Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2022 Dec 13:18:1099-1115. doi: 10.2147/TCRM.S334232. eCollection 2022.


Pompe disease is a genetic disorder produced by mutations in the GAA gene leading to absence or reduced expression of acid alpha-glucosidase, an enzyme that metabolizes the breakdown of glycogen into glucose. There are two main phenotypes, the infantile consisting of early onset severe weakness and cardiomyopathy, and the adult which is characterized by slowly progressive skeletal and respiratory muscle weakness. Enzymatic replacement therapy (ERT) has been available for Pompe disease for more than 15 years. Although the treatment has improved many aspects of the disease, such as prolonged survival through improved cardiomyopathy and acquisition of motor milestones in infants and slower progression rate in adults, ERT is far from being a cure as both infantile and adult patients continue to progress. This fact has prompted the development of improved or new enzymes and other treatments such as gene therapy or substrate reduction strategies. Here, we review the data obtained from randomized clinical trials but also from open-label studies published so far that have assessed the advantages and limitations of this therapy. Moreover, we also review the new therapeutic strategies that are under development and provide our opinion on which are the unmet needs for patients with this disease.

Keywords: Pompe disease; clinical trials; enzyme replacement therapy; genetic therapy; glycogen storage disease type II; recombinant human acid alpha-glucosidase.

Publication types

  • Review