Background: Progressive Familial Intrahepatic cholestasis type I (PFIC1) is a rare congenital hepatopathy causing cholestasis with progressive liver disease. Surgical interruption of the enterohepatic circulation, e.g., surgical biliary diversion (SBD) can slow down development of liver cirrhosis. Eventually, end stage liver disease necessitates liver transplantation (LT). PFIC1 patients might develop diarrhea, graft steatosis and inflammation after LT. SBD after LT was shown to be effective in the alleviation of liver steatosis and graft injury.
Case report: Three PFIC1 patients received LT at the ages of two, two and a half and five years. Shortly after LT diarrhea and graft steatosis was recognized, SBD to the terminal ileum was opted to prevent risk for ascending cholangitis. After SBD, inflammation and steatosis was found to be reduced to resolved, as seen by liver biochemistry and ultrasounds. Diarrhea was reported unchanged.
Conclusion: We present three PFIC1 cases for whom SBD to the terminal ileum successfully helped to resolve graft inflammation and steatosis.
Keywords: PFIC1; pediatric liver transplantation; steatosis; surgical biliary diversion.