Use of High-Frequency Transducers in Breast Sonography

J Pers Med. 2022 Nov 27;12(12):1960. doi: 10.3390/jpm12121960.


Sonography companies have recently developed high-frequency transducers (20-30 MHz) to image the skin and small joints. In this pictorial review, we present a number of settings where these probes can be usefully employed to scan the breast. These include skin abnormalities of the breast and axilla; nipple-areolar complex abnormalities; superficial breast parenchyma abnormalities; breast parenchyma abnormalities in subjects with implants; very small female breasts; peripheral areas in breasts of any size; pre-puberal breasts; male breasts; post-mastectomy chest wall; and intraoperative breast sonography. Comparatively, side-by-side images obtained with conventional breast frequencies and high frequencies are shown.

Keywords: breast; high-frequency sonography; high-resolution sonography; sonography; transducers.

Publication types

  • Review

Grants and funding

This research received no external funding.