Operational State Recognition of a DC Motor Using Edge Artificial Intelligence

Sensors (Basel). 2022 Dec 9;22(24):9658. doi: 10.3390/s22249658.


Edge artificial intelligence (EDGE-AI) refers to the execution of artificial intelligence algorithms on hardware devices while processing sensor data/signals in order to extract information and identify patterns, without utilizing the cloud. In the field of predictive maintenance for industrial applications, EDGE-AI systems can provide operational state recognition for machines and production chains, almost in real time. This work presents two methodological approaches for the detection of the operational states of a DC motor, based on sound data. Initially, features were extracted using an audio dataset. Two different Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) models were trained for the particular classification problem. These two models are subject to post-training quantization and an appropriate conversion/compression in order to be deployed to microcontroller units (MCUs) through utilizing appropriate software tools. A real-time validation experiment was conducted, including the simulation of a custom stress test environment, to check the deployed models' performance on the recognition of the engine's operational states and the response time for the transition between the engine's states. Finally, the two implementations were compared in terms of classification accuracy, latency, and resource utilization, leading to promising results.

Keywords: DC motor failures; EDGE-AI; convolutional neural networks; internet of things; predictive maintenance.

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms*
  • Artificial Intelligence*
  • Computer Simulation
  • Neural Networks, Computer
  • Software

Grants and funding

This research received no external funding.