Correlation of cerebral perfusion pressure and Glasgow Coma Scale to outcome

J Trauma. 1987 Sep;27(9):1007-13. doi: 10.1097/00005373-198709000-00009.


Cerebral Perfusion Pressures (CPP) and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores were monitored to guide the management of severely head-injured patients. These measures were correlated to outcome (Glasgow Outcome Scale-GOS) in 136 consecutive patients at least 1 year after injury. The GOS showed highly significant positive correlations to either CPP or GCS assessments (p less than 0.001). Two parameters that are correlated with subsequent death in most patients include 1) highest (h) GCS = 3 or 4 (Day 1: 31 of 32 patients died, and Day 2: 19 of 19 patients died), and 2) CPP less than or equal to 60 mm Hg more than 33% of the hourly measures during Day 2 (36% of all subsequent deaths; 11% overlap with the highest Glasgow Coma Scale). The Day 2 measures identifying two groups that have a greater than 75% incidence of "good outcome" or GOS = 4 or 5 include 1) hGCS greater than or equal to 6 (N = 45) and 2) the average (a) CPP greater than or equal to 90 mm Hg (N = 26). Of the 45 patients with a GOS = 4 or 5 who had both CPP and GCS recorded on the third day, 44 were identified by these "good outcome" parameters.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Blood Pressure
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation*
  • Coma / diagnosis*
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / diagnosis*
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / mortality
  • Female
  • Intracranial Pressure
  • Male
  • Prognosis