Carotid endarterectomy, siphon stenosis, collateral hemispheric pressure, and perioperative cerebral infarction

J Vasc Surg. 1987 Oct;6(4):391-7.

Abstract

To determine whether moderate stenosis (50% to 80%) of the intracranial segment of the internal carotid artery increases the risk of cerebral infarction after carotid endarterectomy, the arteriograms, ocular pneumoplethysmograms, internal carotid back pressure, and clinical outcome after 169 operations were reviewed. Siphon stenoses less than 50% were not included because of their doubtful anatomic and hemodynamic significance. No patients with stenosis greater than 80% underwent operation. Moderate siphon stenosis affected 37 vessels, 24 (14.2%) ipsilateral and 13 (7.6%) contralateral to the side of operation. Eight patients had bilateral siphon stenosis. Three patients had stroke after operation; none of these cases had siphon stenosis. Moderate siphon stenosis did not increase the risk of perioperative cerebral infarction. Stroke only occurred in those patients in whom there was arteriographic or functional evidence that the affected hemisphere was isolated from effective collateral vessels.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Blood Pressure
  • Carotid Arteries / surgery*
  • Carotid Artery Diseases / pathology*
  • Carotid Artery, Internal / pathology*
  • Carotid Artery, Internal / physiopathology
  • Cerebral Infarction / etiology*
  • Cerebral Infarction / pathology
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / etiology
  • Constriction, Pathologic
  • Endarterectomy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Ophthalmic Artery / physiopathology
  • Plethysmography
  • Postoperative Complications*