Background: BCR-ABL Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI's) are most successful of targeted therapies and are currently considered the cornerstone in the management of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). A recent study reported excellent outcomes of Dasatinib 50mg with better sustained response. Therefore, we aim to evaluate the molecular responses and safety of upfront Dasatinib 50mg in Indian CML-Chronic Phase patients.
Methods: It was an observational single-centre study. CML-CP patients started on Dasatinib 50mg daily were offered to participate in this study. Data of imatinib was collected retrospectively as a comparator group.
Results: Between June 2020 to Feb 2022, fifty patients were included in the dasatinib 50mg once daily group. Median age was 40 yrs. ranging from (19 to73) years. At a median follow up of 9.2 months, 49 patients completed three months treatment, out of which 48 patients were evaluated as one patient stopped medication after a month due to financial constraints. The response rate at three months for dasatinib 50mg daily and Imatinib were 68.75% and 69.7% respectively. At 12 months, 68% and 66.6% patients achieved major molecular response [MMR] in dasatinib 50mg and imatinib groups respectively.
Conclusion: In conclusion, low dose dasatinib is safe and effective as an upfront therapy in CML-CP. Early molecular response [EMR] rates were comparable in low dose dasatinib and imatinib arm but deep molecular responses were significantly higher in low dose dasatinib arm. Dasatinib, taken daily at a dose of 50mg, may offer a new, alternative choice as generic versions are available now for frontline therapy in CML-CP.
Keywords: Lower dose dasatinib.
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