Chromosome-scale genome assembly of a Japanese chili pepper landrace, Capsicum annuum 'Takanotsume'

DNA Res. 2023 Feb 1;30(1):dsac052. doi: 10.1093/dnares/dsac052.


Here, we report the genome sequence of a popular Japanese chili pepper landrace, Capsicum annuum 'Takanotsume'. We used long-read sequencing and optical mapping, together with the genetic mapping technique, to obtain the chromosome-scale genome assembly of 'Takanotsume'. The assembly consists of 12 pseudomolecules, which corresponds to the basic chromosome number of C. annuum, and is 3,058.5 Mb in size, spanning 97.0% of the estimated genome size. A total of 34,324 high-confidence genes were predicted in the genome, and 83.4% of the genome assembly was occupied by repetitive sequences. Comparative genomics of linked-read sequencing-derived de novo genome assemblies of two Capsicum chinense lines and whole-genome resequencing analysis of Capsicum species revealed not only nucleotide sequence variations but also genome structure variations (i.e. chromosomal rearrangements and transposon-insertion polymorphisms) between 'Takanotsume' and its relatives. Overall, the genome sequence data generated in this study will accelerate the pan-genomics and breeding of Capsicum, and facilitate the dissection of genetic mechanisms underlying the agronomically important traits of 'Takanotsume'.

Keywords: Capsicum annuum; chromosome-scale genome assembly; genetic mapping; long-read technology; optical mapping.

MeSH terms

  • Capsicum* / genetics
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes
  • Plant Breeding