Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infection Caused by Mycolicibacterium iranicum, California, USA

Emerg Infect Dis. 2023 Jan;29(1):217-219. doi: 10.3201/eid2901.220851.


We describe a case of catheter-related bacteremia caused by Mycolicibacterium iranicum in the United States. The case highlights the value of using next-generation sequencing to identify infrequent and emerging pathogens and the challenges associated with choosing appropriate treatments because of limited knowledge of drug resistance mechanisms in those emerging pathogens.

Keywords: California; Mycolicibacterium iranicum; United States; bacteremia; bacteria; next-generation sequencing; nontuberculous mycobacterium infections; respiratory infections; tuberculosis and other mycobacteria; whole-genome sequencing.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Letter

MeSH terms

  • Bacteremia* / complications
  • Bacteremia* / diagnosis
  • Bacteremia* / drug therapy
  • California
  • Catheters / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Mycobacteriaceae*
  • Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous* / microbiology
  • Nontuberculous Mycobacteria

Supplementary concepts

  • Mycolicibacterium iranicum