Currently, various bioceramics have been widely used in bone regeneration. However, it remains a huge challenge to remote isolation bone regeneration, such as severed finger regeneration. The remote isolation bone tissue has a poor regenerative microenvironment that lacks enough blood and nutrition supply. It is very difficult to repair and regenerate. In this study, well-controlled multi-level porous 3D-printed calcium phosphate (CaP) bioceramic scaffolds with precision customized structures were fabricated by high-resolution digital light projection (DLP) printing technology for remote isolation bone regeneration. In vitro results demonstrated that optimizing material processing procedures could achieve multi-level control of 3D-printed CaP bioceramic scaffolds and enhance the osteoinduction ability of bioceramics effectively. In vivo results indicated that 3D-printed CaP bioceramic scaffolds constructed by optimized processing procedure exhibited a promising ability of bone regeneration and osteoinduction in ectopic osteogenesis and in situ caudal vertebrae regeneration in beagles. This study provided a promising strategy based on 3D-printed CaP bioceramic scaffolds constructed by optimized processing procedures for remote isolation bone regeneration, such as severed finger regeneration.
Keywords: Bioceramics; Bone regeneration; Bone repair; DLP technology; Osteogenesis.
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