Results of the School Children Ocular Biometry and Refractive Error Study in South India

Turk J Ophthalmol. 2022 Dec 28;52(6):412-420. doi: 10.4274/tjo.galenos.2021.90008.


Objectives: Axial length (AL) is an important contributor to refraction, and growth curves are gaining importance in the prediction of myopia. This study aimed to profile the distribution of ocular biometry parameters and to identify correlates of spherical equivalent refraction (SE) among school children in South India.

Materials and methods: The School Children Ocular Biometry and Refractive Error study was conducted as part of a school screening program in southern India. The enrolled children underwent tests that included vison check, refraction, binocular vision assessment, and biometry measurements.

Results: The study included 1382 children whose mean (standard deviation [SD]) age was 10.18 (2.88) years (range: 5-16 years). The sample was divided into 4 groups (grades 1-2, grades 3-5, grades 6-9, and grade 10) based on significant differences in right AL (p<0.001). The mean (SD) AL (range: 20.33-27.27 mm) among the four groups was 22.50 (0.64) mm, 22.88 (0.69) mm, 23.30 (0.82) mm, and 23.58 (0.87) mm, respectively. The mean SE (range: +1.86 to -6.56 D) was 0.08 (0.65 D) in class 1 and decreased with increasing grade to -0.39 (1.20 D) in grade 10. There was a significant difference in all biometry parameters between boys and girls (p<0.001). Age, AL, and mean corneal curvature were the main predictors of SE.

Conclusion: This study provides a profile of ocular biometry parameters among school children in South India for comparison against profiles from other regions across the country. The study data will form a reference for future studies assessing myopia in this ethnicity.

Keywords: Myopia; ocular biometry; school children.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Biometry / methods
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Myopia* / diagnosis
  • Refraction, Ocular
  • Refractive Errors* / diagnosis
  • Refractive Errors* / epidemiology