Alveolar ridge preservation: Complications and cost-effectiveness

Periodontol 2000. 2023 Jun;92(1):235-262. doi: 10.1111/prd.12469. Epub 2022 Dec 29.


Alveolar ridge preservation is routinely indicated in clinical practice with the purpose of attenuating postextraction ridge atrophy. Over the past two decades numerous clinical studies and reviews on this topic have populated the literature. In recent years the focus has primarily been on analyzing efficacy outcomes pertaining to postextraction dimensional changes, whereas other relevant facets of alveolar ridge preservation therapy have remained unexplored. With this premise, we carried out a comprehensive evidence-based assessment of the complications associated with different modalities of alveolar ridge preservation and modeled the cost-effectiveness of different therapeutic modalities as a function of changes in ridge width and height. We conclude that, among allogeneic and xenogeneic bone graft materials, increased expenditure does not translate into increased effectiveness of alveolar ridge preservation therapy. On the other hand, a significant association between expenditure on a barrier membrane and reduced horizontal and vertical ridge resorption was observed, though only to a certain degree, beyond which the return on investment was significantly diminished.

Keywords: alveolar process; alveolar ridge preservation; cost analysis; evidence-based dentistry; tooth extraction.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alveolar Bone Loss* / prevention & control
  • Alveolar Process
  • Alveolar Ridge Augmentation* / methods
  • Bone Transplantation / methods
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Humans
  • Tooth Extraction / adverse effects
  • Tooth Extraction / methods
  • Tooth Socket / surgery